CHAPTER 1

Overview of the Province

     Occidental Mindoro covers a total land area of 5,865.71 square kilometers representing 2.0 percent of the total land area of the country and 12.5 percent of the Southern Tagalog Region. The province occupies the western portion of the island of Mindoro and is bounded on the north by the Verde Island Passage, on the west and south by the Mindoro Strait, and on the east by Oriental Mindoro.

     Mindoro was administered from Bonbon now known as Batangas until the beginning of the 17th century. Afterwards, it was established as a "corregimiento" with the island of Marinduque under its administration. In June 1902, Mindoro was in turn put under the administration of Marinduque when the latter was constituted into a special province and later into a regular province. In 1950, by virtue of Republic Act No. 505 the province of Mindoro was divided into two provinces, Occidental and Oriental Mindoro.

     A first class province, Occidental Mindoro is made up of 11 municipalities broken down into 162 barangays, with Sablayan as the largest municipality in terms of land area and San Jose, as the municipality with the biggest number of barangays totaling 38. Mamburao, the provincial capital, is located at the western coast. It is a tranquil town surrounded by a fine stretch of beaches.

 

List of municipalities with their corresponding land area, classification and number of barangays:

Municipality

Land Area
(sq. km.)

Classification

Number of
Barangays

Abra de Ilog
Calintaan

533.70
382.50

4th
4th

9
7

Looc

132.30

5th

9

Lubang
Magsaysay
Mamburao
Paluan
Rizal

113.10
296.70
283.51
564.50
242.50

4th
3rd
3rd
3rd
4th

16
12
15
12
11

Sablayan

       2,188.80

1st

22

San Jose
Sanata Cruz

446.70
681.40

1st
3rd

38
11

Sources:  National Statistics Office, National Statistical Coordination Board, Department of Finance and Land Management Bureau,
               Department of Environment and Natural Resources.       

Notes:  1. Land area based on the 2007 Revised Masterlist certified by the Land Management Bureau (LMB).
           2. Classification and number of barangays based on NSCB Philippine Standard Geographic Classification (PSGC) as provided by the                Bureau of Local Government Finance (BLGF).

 

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